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Orthopaedics

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Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions and injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system. This includes bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and nerves. Some of the common conditions treated by orthopaedic specialists include fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, spinal disorders, and sports injuries. Orthopaedic treatment may involve both surgical and non-surgical interventions, depending on the severity and type of condition. Some of the common treatment options include:

Medications:

Orthopaedic specialists may prescribe medications to reduce pain and inflammation, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics, and corticosteroids.

Physical therapy:

This involves exercises and other therapeutic techniques to help restore function, improve range of motion, and reduce pain.

Surgery:

Orthopaedic surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct damaged joints, ligaments, tendons, or bones. Common surgeries include joint replacement, arthroscopy, and spinal surgery.

Bracing and casting:

Orthopaedic specialists may use braces, casts, or splints to immobilize or support a damaged or injured body part.

Injections:

Injections of corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be used to reduce pain and inflammation in certain conditions.

Orthopaedic specialists may also provide education and counseling to help prevent future injuries and manage chronic conditions. They may work with other healthcare professionals, such as physical therapists, sports medicine specialists, and pain management specialists, to provide comprehensive care to patients.

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Dr Rahul Desai

Consultant Orthopaedician

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